Paper work Needed for Heavy Haul in Texas

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Paper work Needed for Heavy Haul in Texas


April 5, 2022


Paperwork Needed for Heavy Haul in Texas

Heavy haul applies to shipments which exceed the legal height, weight, or length limits that the local government has set. In this case, we’ll be talking about paperwork needed to comply with hauling limits in Texas.

With any hauling job, it’s essential to make sure you have all the proper permits and paperwork before starting. Choosing the right hauling carrier can help ensure you meet all the requirements and don’t end up having to pay exorbitant amounts of money for not knowing or following the regulations.

With all the restrictions in the trucking industry, along with finding special equipment and permits, it can be confusing to know where to start. In this guide, we’ll answer the most important questions related to heavy haul in Texas and give you a brief overview of each permit offered by the Texas Department of Motor Vehicles.

Table of Contents

What are the size and weight limits for hauls in Texas?

Are there any extra precautions that come with hauling oversized loads?

How should I prepare to apply for an oversized load permit?

What kinds of permits are available?

1. General Single-Trip

2. Manufactured Housing Single-Trip

3. Portable Building

4. Super Heavy

5. House Move

6. Intermodal Shipping Container Port

7. Crane & Well Service Unit Mileage

8. Self-Propelled Off-Road Equipment

9. Temporary Registration

10. 30/60/90 Day Width or Length

11. Company Specific Envelope

12. Vehicle Specific Envelope

13. Fracing Trailer

14. Hay

15. Quarterly Hubometer

16. Implements of Husbandry

17. Manufactured Housing Annual

18. Mobile Crane (Annual)

19. Well Servicing Unit (Annual)

20. Over Axle/Over Gross Weight Tolerance

21. Rig-Up Truck

22. Utility Pole

23. Water Well Drilling Machinery & Equipment

24. Annual Timber Permit

25. Ready-Mixed Concrete Trucks

26. Annual Length

27. Federal Disaster Relief

28. North Texas Intermodal

29. Fluid Milk Transport

How do I apply for a permit?

What is Twisted Nail’s role in the heavy haul paperwork process?

What are the size and weight limits for hauls in Texas?

The maximum limits for any load in Texas—without requiring any extra permits or paperwork—are 14’ in height, 8’6” in width, and 59’ in length. However, you also have to be careful of weight limits because even if your load does not exceed the size limits, it may be too heavy and require a heavy haul permit anyways. The weight limit in Texas is 20,000 lbs. for single axle, 34,000 lbs. for dual axle, or 80,000 lbs. total. Before applying for any permit, you must verify the size and weight of your load.


Are there any extra precautions that come with hauling oversized loads?

There are absolutely extra restrictions and precautions that you need to be aware of before hauling an oversized load. First and foremost, you must know if your load is oversized and where your starting point and destination is so that you can apply for the proper permit.

Some additional precautions to keep in mind are that your load may need to be escorted at a certain time of day/night. Escorts are heavily regulated to ensure the safety of everyone and can include flashing lights, warning signs, and/or colored flags.

It’s also important to be aware of restrictions on hazardous materials, bridges, load-zoned roads, country and district permits, and structures with low vertical clearance. More information on each can be found on the Texas DMV’s website under “Roadway Information.”


How should I prepare to apply for an oversized load permit?

The most important way to prepare is by recording your haul’s starting point and destination, size, and weight. You must also be a registered operating authority, which means you must comply with the Texas Motor Carrier Registration (MCR), Unified Carrier Registration (UCR), or Permit Surety Bond.

While these are the most essential pieces of information to know before applying for a permit, there may be additional details, fees, and restrictions required depending on which type of permit you apply for and which route you’ll be taking.

What kinds of permits are available?

1. General Single-Trip

General Single-Trip Permits are issued for non-divisible vehicles exceeding the size and weight limits up to 254,300 lbs. These permits apply for only one movement from a specific starting point to a specific destination, during a specific time of day. You must also have a Route Inspection Certification on file before receiving the permit.


2. Manufactured Housing Single-Trip

Manufactured Housing Single-Trip Permits are a special type of General Single-Trip Permits which allow you to transport manufactured housing as well as industrialized buildings and housing. Like other single-trip permits, there must be only one movement from a specific starting point to a specific destination. An extra detail to note is that these types of permits are only valid for five days.


3. Portable Building

If you’re looking to transport portable buildings and their cargo, you’ll want a Portable Building Permit. Like the two previous permits, this type is also for a single trip.


4. Super Heavy

Super Heavy Single-Trip Permits are used for non-divisible loads which have a gross weight exceeding 254,300 lbs.—or 200,000 lbs. with less than 95 feet of axle spacing. For this permit, there are additional steps and restrictions to follow, such as filling out the Certification Regarding Agreement to Transport Super Heavy Load(s) form and a loading diagram. Each of these are described in more detail on the Texas DMV’s website.


5. House Move

Another type of single-trip permit, House Move Permits allow you to transport houses over 20 feet wide from a certain starting point to a certain destination. The Texas DMV provides suggested routes for house moves, and a representative of your company must inspect the proposed route before the move to ensure safety and efficiency.


6. Intermodal Shipping Container Port

To haul cargo within 30 miles of Texas port authorities or ports of entry, you’ll need an Intermodal Shipping Container Port Permit. This permit is valid for one year and follows specific guidelines and measurements that can be found on the DMV’s website.


7. Crane & Well Service Unit Mileage

For self-propelled and trailer-mounted cranes, along with well-servicing units which exceed Texas size and weight limits, the Crane & Well Service Unit Mileage Permit allows for a single trip from Point A to Point B. While these permits are only valid for seven days, they are based on mileage, so a single permit allows you to go from a starting point, to a destination, and back to the starting point or another location.


8. Self-Propelled Off-Road Equipment

Another type of single-trip permit, the Self-Propelled Off-Road Equipment Permit allows you to drive off-road equipment on state highways directly from a point of origin to a destination. Note that this permit does not allow travel on controlled access highways, and you must have a $10,000 permit bond on file with the Texas DMV before permit approval.


9. Temporary Registration

There are four types of Temporary Vehicle Registration Permits: 72-hour, 144-hour, one-trip, and 30-day. However, you can only get a temporary registration permit under specific conditions, such as:

  • The vehicle is not registered.
  • The vehicle is registered in a state that does not have a reciprocity agreement with Texas.
  • The vehicle is registered in a state that has a prorate agreement with Texas, but the vehicle does not have a prorate sticker or registration cab card for Texas.
  • To increase weight, if the vehicle is not registered for its maximum allowable weight.

For each type of permit and condition, there are more details listed on the DMV’s temporary registration page. The easiest way to apply for one of these permits is either in person at your county tax office or a DMV Regional Service Center, or online through the Temporary Permits System.

10. 30/60/90 Day Width or Length

For non-divisible loads that need a certain time period for hauling, the 30-, 60-, or 90-Day Permits allow for movements within that certain time period. However, the width and length must be in conjunction with each other, so that vehicles and loads must follow these requirements:

·  No greater than 13’ wide, 14’ high or legal length for an overwidth permit

·  No greater than 8’6” wide, 14’ high, 110’ long for vehicles and loads on a trailer for an overlength permit

·  No longer than 75’ long for single vehicles moving empty or hauling a load


11. Company Specific Envelope

Company Specific Envelopes are valid for one year and apply to companies transporting non-divisible loads that fall within these specific dimensions and weight:

·  Not exceeding 12’ in width

·  Not exceeding 14’ in height

·  Not exceeding 110’ in length

·  Not exceeding 120,000 lbs. in gross weight

This permit can be used to operate any registered truck owned or leased by the company, and a company can apply for more than one permit if they need to operate more than one vehicle.


12. Vehicle Specific Envelope

Like Company Specific Envelopes, Vehicle Specific Envelopes are valid for one year for non-divisible loads. The main difference between the two is that vehicle specific envelopes apply to each vehicle rather than the whole company. The same restrictions in width, height, length, and gross weight as Company Specific Envelopes also apply to Vehicle Specific Envelopes.


13.  Fracing Trailer

For truck-tractor and semitrailer combinations designed with a tank and pump unit, the Texas DMV offers an annual Fracing Trailer Permit. This permit can be used for vehicles which:

·  Carry liquid oil well waste products or unrefined petroleum products from wells not connected to a pipeline and return empty

·  Haul liquid products related to oil well production to an oil well and return empty

·  Haul liquid products related to oil well production to an oil well and return with liquid waste products or unrefined liquid petroleum products from an oil well not connected to a pipeline


14.  Hay

Hay Hauling Permits are valid for one year and allow vehicles to transport round bales of hay using side-by-side loading. The limit on side-by-side loading is 12’ wide, and all other dimensions must meet the legal limits.


15.  Quarterly Hubometer

Quarterly Hubometer Permits are used for hubometer-equipped fixed-load machinery and cranes, with a limit of 91 days. Types of vehicles which are eligible for this permit include:

·  Self-propelled oil well servicing units

·  Self-propelled mobile cranes

·  Self-propelled concrete pumps

·  Trailer-mounted oil well servicing units

·  Coiled tubing units

·  Swabbing units

·  Self-propelled bundle extractors

Keep in mind that there are limitations which vehicles with this permit may not exceed:

·  12’ in width

·  14’6” in height

·  95’ in length

·  For maximum weight:

o   30,000 lbs. per axle based upon results of weight analysis

o   850 lbs. per inch of tire width for non-steerable units

o   950 lbs. per inch of tire width for steerable units


16.  Implements of Husbandry

An Implements of Husbandry Annual Permit allows the transportation of farm implements, machinery, and tools; the transportation and spreading of fertilizer; and the delivery of feed to livestock. The following restrictions apply to oversize or overweight implements of husbandry:

·  16’ maximum in height

·  16’ maximum in width

·  110’ maximum in length


17.  Manufactured Housing Annual

If you’re looking to transport new houses to a temporary storage location within a 20-mile radius, the Manufactured Housing Annual Permit is the right one for you. This permit is valid for one year and can be used by multiple vehicles.


18.  Mobile Crane (Annual)

The annual Mobile Crane Permit is issued for cranes exceeding legal width and length limits, which may not exceed:

·  10’ in width

·  The legal height limit (14’)

·  The legal length limit (59’)

·  Specific weight limitations depending on axle group


19.  Well Servicing Unit (Annual)

The annual Well Servicing Unit Permit allows the movement of oil well servicing units that do not exceed the legal size and weight limits and which are registered with a Texas “permit” plate.


20.  Over Axle/Over Gross Weight Tolerance

Another annual permit is the Over Axle/Over Gross Weight Tolerance Permit, which allows carriers to move divisible commodities up to 10% higher than the allowable axle weight and up to 5% higher than the allowable gross weight.


21.  Rig-Up Truck

The Rig-Up Truck permit is valid for one year and allows trucks with a winch and gin poles to move on state-maintained roads. The following dimensions apply to this permit:

·  May not exceed the legal height limit (14’)

·  May not exceed the legal length limit (59’)

·  For weight, the maximum is 25,000 lbs. or 850 lbs. per inch of tire width on the steer axle(s), whichever is less. All other axles must be lower than the legal weight limit.


22.  Utility Pole

The annual Utility Pole Permit allows for the movement of poles required for electrical power transmission and line distribution. With this permit, night travel is allowed for emergencies. However, it only applies to vehicles which are up to 75’ long and meet all other Texas legal size and weight limits.


23.  Water Well Drilling Machinery & Equipment

The Water Well Drilling Machinery & Equipment Permit allows for the movement of self-propelled or mounted machinery used for drilling water wells. This permit is valid for one year, and machinery operating under this permit must meet these requirements:

·  16’ or less in width

·  14’6” or less in height

·  110’ or less in length

·  Legal weight requirement

·  Only travel using the state highway system


24.  Annual Timber Permit

The Annual Timber Permit is used for transporting unrefined timber, wood chips, or woody biomass across state-maintained and county roads. At least two days before traveling under this permit, the carrier must notify the Texas Department of Transportation through their online form.


25.  Ready-Mixed Concrete Trucks

Ready-mixed concrete trucks operating on three axles and which do not exceed legal size limits are eligible for the annual Ready-Mixed Concrete Truck Permit. Trucks may, however, exceed the allowable axle weights by a tolerance of 10% as long as the gross weight is 69,000 lbs. or less.


26.  Annual Length

The Annual Length Permit is given to trucks with overlength loads that cannot be separated. The following restrictions apply:

·  Must be less than or equal to 8’6” wide, 14’ high, and 110’ long for vehicles and loads on a trailer

·  Must be no longer than 75’ long for single vehicles moving empty or hauling a load


27.  Federal Disaster Relief

The Federal Disaster Relief Permit is available during national emergencies or major disasters declared by the U.S. President. Due to the nature of the permit, it expires 120 days after the President’s declaration and can only be used to:

·  Assist in removing debris from roads and other locations

·  Deliver relief supplies

If the haul must be taken outside of Texas, the carrier must check each individual state’s requirements to make sure they receive the proper entry permits.

28.  North Texas Intermodal

Intermodal shipping containers are used to pack, ship, or transport cargo and can be taken or removed from other vehicles such as ships or freight trains. In order to get an annual Intermodal Permit that travels within five miles of the Texas/Arkansas border, the gross weight of the truck must not exceed 93,000 lbs.


29.  Fluid Milk Transport

There are certain “dairy routes” approved by the Texas Department of Transportation that trucks can use after receiving a Fluid Milk Transport Permit. This permit is valid for one year, and the gross weight of the vehicle cannot exceed 90,000 lbs. There are also special requirements for axle distances and axle weight limits. Note that when you apply for this type of permit, you must select the routes you want to travel during the application process.


How do I apply for a permit?

Anyone interested in applying for an oversized load permit can apply online. Be aware that there is a $60 permit fee and a highway maintenance fee, and that all permit requests must be submitted 6 to 8 weeks before the permit is required.


What is Twisted Nail’s role in the heavy haul paperwork process?

At Twisted Nail, our professional dispatch team works closely with owner-operators and the Texas DMV to ensure you get the proper paperwork and permits. We can also connect you with a trucking company that is the perfect fit for you.

Hauling an oversized load without first gaining the proper paperwork and permits can result in expensive consequences. It’s important that you select the right heavy haul carrier for you in order to follow the regulations for your specific load. If you’re looking for some advice on hauling a heavy load, or if you need help finding a reputable carrier, give us a call today and we’ll be happy to help.


An end dumps carry weight depends heavily on the specific road regulations, the power unit weight, and the composition of the trailer. A steel trailer, typically referred to as a Round Bottom, will be heavier and will have a payload of approximately 21 to 23 tons. By contrast, an aluminum end dump is much lighter and can carry anywhere from 23-28 tons, with some set-ups being able to approach 30-ton payloads. 

End dumps are typically loaded by heavy machinery, such as a front-end loader or excavator, or by a series of conveyor belts. End dumps are top load trailers. An owner-operator with an end dump trailer will uncover the trailer via an electric tarp switch in the cab. With the trailer uncovered, the heavy machinery is free to load from the top of the trailer, being careful to evenly distribute the material. Once loaded, the owner-operator flips the tarp switch, covers the load, and continues their run.  

There are several different types of hydraulic lifts that are usually part of dump trailers. These include telescopic, dual-piston, and scissor lifts, among others. Most dump trailers use hydraulics to automatically lift the dump box and unload the materials in a quick, seamless action.

An end dump is an excellent investment for owner operators or construction companies that transport bulk aggregate on a frequent basis. Depending on your needs, a steel or aluminum end dump will ensure that you are able to reliable keep your customers jobsites and stockpiles full. 

Depending on market timing, a typical aluminum end dump will range between $15,000 to $70,000+, with steel round bottoms priced around $10,000-$50,000+. These trailers are also offered for rent or lease, with trailers available for around $850-$2,000 per month. When renting or leasing, it is typical for all repairs to be the responsibility of the renting owner operator. 


Flex base can be an excellent choice for a driveway but is not often used as a primary input in TXDOT construction. Flex base is best suited for farm roads, driveways, RV pads, and for other foundations that will not receive heavy traffic. Flex base is cheaper than most alternative options, such as asphalt or base that meets TXDOT specifications. Additionally, once set and compacted, a flex base road or driveway is cheaper and easier to maintain.

Yes, road base and flex base are the same material family. That said, the differentiating factor is typically the testing results of each material. When shopping for material, it is important to identify exactly what type of material you are buying. Retailers will categorize Base as a broad category and can leave identification to consumers, which is challenging and confusing. In general, if a retailer is selling a Road Base it can be assumed that the material is of higher construction quality than flex base, meaning it will have a wider range of approved uses. However, some vendors will sell Flex Base as a Road Base; this makes it important to understand if the material you are purchasing is a true Flex Base, is ‘Spec 247’, or is TXDOT approved. With each increase in quality comes an increase in cost, so it is important to identify which material will best suit the needs of your project.

Flex Base is a mixture of loose aggregate and coarse aggregate, can be a wide range of color based on source location, and is composed of materials ranging from dirt to rock that are 1”-3” in size. Most Flex Base, particularly around Central Texas, will range from tan to brown, will consist of a dirt material and rocks that range from 1” to 2” in diameter. There are specialty materials that will include rocks up to 3” in size, but these are typically reserved for heavy construction projects.

Any driveway’s depth should be at least 5” to ensure structural integrity and better load capacity. For road base in particular, experts recommend a thickness of 6-8”.


Yes, PUG Base is suitable for both residential and commercial applications. Its versatility allows it to be used in a wide range of projects, including residential homes, commercial buildings, and even infrastructure projects. Its properties, such as strength, durability, and water resistance, make it an excellent choice for various construction applications.

PUG Base generally does not require any special maintenance. However, regular cleaning and inspection are recommended to ensure its longevity. Additionally, addressing any cracks or damage promptly and applying sealants as needed can help maintain its performance and durability.

PUG Base is not typically recycled or reused in its original form. However, it can be crushed and used as a base or sub-base material in future construction projects. Additionally, some recycling facilities may have processes in place to extract and repurpose certain components of PUG Base for other applications.

Yes, there are environmental benefits to using PUG Base. PUG Base is typically made from natural materials, reducing the need for extraction of non-renewable resources. It also has a lower carbon footprint compared to materials like concrete, as the production process of PUG Base emits fewer greenhouse gasses.

Yes, PUG Base can be customized to meet specific project requirements. It can be mixed with various additives or stabilizers to enhance certain properties such as strength, flexibility, or water resistance. The proportions of the materials can also be adjusted to achieve the desired consistency and performance for a particular project.

PUG Base can be suitable for areas with extreme weather conditions when properly installed and maintained. Its low permeability helps resist water damage and freeze-thaw cycles, making it suitable for areas with cold climates. However, it is important to consider factors like drainage, slope, and appropriate surface treatments to ensure optimal performance in areas with heavy rainfall or other extreme weather conditions.

Yes, PUG Base can be used for various applications beyond roads and driveways. It is commonly used as a base material for pathways, sidewalks, parking lots, and even as a foundation for buildings. Its strength, stability, and durability make it a versatile choice for a range of construction projects where a solid base is required.

Yes, the use of PUG Base in construction projects is often governed by local regulations and standards. These regulations may specify requirements for material composition, compaction methods, thickness guidelines, and quality control measures to ensure the safe and reliable use of PUG Base in construction applications.

Yes, there are specific considerations for preparing the site before installing PUG Base. The site should be properly excavated, removing any organic material, debris, or unsuitable soil. The subgrade should be compacted and leveled to provide a stable base for the PUG Base material, ensuring proper drainage and preventing future settlement issues.

Yes, PUG Base can be used in areas with heavy traffic or high load-bearing requirements. It is known for its excellent compressive strength, making it suitable for applications that require strong support, such as roads, parking lots, and industrial areas.


A freight brokerage acts as a valuable intermediary in the transportation industry, connecting customers with qualified owner-operators to move cargo between locations. In Texas, a reputable freight broker will market your cargo to carriers, ensuring competitive pricing and service. They handle all logistics, ensuring your cargo is transported efficiently on a flatbed tractor-trailer. By leveraging their expertise, you can enjoy convenience and peace of mind knowing that your cargo is being transported according to your preferences. 

Experienced freight brokerages have a vast network of equipment at their disposal, allowing them to handle a wide range of freight, including heavy hauls and other specialty loads. They can facilitate the transportation of various items, from construction and landscaping materials to farming vehicles and equipment. Additionally, freight brokers can handle dry and refrigerated goods, hazardous materials, live animals, and virtually anything else you need to move from point A to point B.

Some of the benefits that come with hiring a freight brokerage include expertise and someone to take care of the logistics of finding the right carrier to handle your flatbed cargo. Brokerage agreements allow you to sit back while brokers handle permits, insurance, negotiating rates, and other paperwork. In addition, brokers provide advice to help you navigate the complexities of shipping. 

Several aspects influence the cost of transporting your cargo on a flatbed trailer truck, including distance, weight, size, type, and market conditions. Based on these factors, a freight brokerage will provide you with a quote, though the ultimate cost may fluctuate depending on the actual weight and size of the cargo, as well as any special pick-up, delivery, or handling instructions.

To track your cargo during transport on a flatbed, you can contact the drivers assigned to your shipment for updates. Unfortunately, if there are no tracking capabilities available, direct communication with the drivers remains the primary method of tracking your cargo's progress and obtaining status updates.


A quarry is a type of mine called an open pit mine, which is open to the earth’s surface rather than situated below the ground. Quarries, Texas quarries in particular, are used to extract raw materials such as rocks, dirt, and sand that will be repurposed into building materials.

Quarry direct trucking streamlines the delivery process to bring you the materials you need, where you need them, when you need them. The three options for direct trucking include pit-to-plant, pit-to-job site, and pit-to-consumer. 

The Austin and Waco quarries boast an impressive range of high-quality aggregate materials. The main materials found are river rock, limestone, granite, and recycled materials. The specific materials are offering in the following popular formats: Flex Base, State Spec Road Base, Screened Rock, #57 Rock, Bull Rock, Rip Rap, Concrete Sand, Washed Sand, Masonry Sand, Manufactured Sand, Select Fill, Common Fill, Top Soil, Pit Run, Recycled Concrete and Asphalt Millings. These aggregates encompass diverse varieties like limestone, river rock, granite, sand, fill dirt, topsoil, recycled concrete, and recycled asphalt, catering to a wide array of construction needs.

Some of the major industries which rely on materials produced in quarries include construction, transportation, and manufacturing. Aggregates such as sand, gravel, and rock are used to build roads, pathways, gardens, and runways, as well as buildings and their foundations. Certain quarries also produce minerals like clay and sand which are used in various manufacturing processes.

With all the extractions that happen at quarries in Texas, environmental and safety concerns include pollution, erosion, and worker safety. The most common forms of pollution are noise, water, and dust/air pollution, and quarry operations can also erode the soil, which affects local wildlife populations and water quality. Finally, workers may be put at risk because of the heavy machinery and blasting involved, or by being exposed to pollution and hazardous materials which can lead to health problems. However, quarry operators implement various sustainable measures, such as reclamation plans and water conservation, to mitigate their negative environmental impact.


The most common stone categories in Central Texas are Limestone, River Rock, Granite, and Recycled Materials. Limestone and Granite are relatively interchangeable, but have different properties. Limestone is abundant, granite is restricted to only certain areas of Texas; Limestone is soft, granite is very durable. River Rock is a naturally occurring rock that is multicolored and smooth; it is sometimes, but not often, interchangeable with limestone or granite. Recycled materials included recycled crushed concrete and asphalt millings, which are produced by processing reclaimed concrete and asphalt. 

These materials are offered in a variety of types and sizes. The most popular variations, for both commercial and residential projects, includes flex base, spec road base, screened rock, bull rock and rip rap. Flex base is an untested, unregulated, mixture of dirt and rock that combines to make an acceptable pad or road. Spec road base is the same as flex base, but meets consistency criteria set by the state or local government, and as such is better for road and structural foundation construction. Screened rock can come in a variety of sizes, but is typically between ⅜” and 2” in diameter. Bull Rock is a size up from screened rock and is typically 2” to 6” in diameter. Rip Rap is yet another step up and is offered from 6” to 36”+ in diameter. 

Quarry operators and anyone who works with construction stone must comply with local, state, and federal environmental and safety regulations. These regulations include worker safety and wildlife protection, as well as limits on practices related to air emissions, water quality, and land use.

From building sidewalks to paving roads to constructing buildings, construction stone is used for a variety of commercial purposes in Texas. While each type of stone may be better suited for one project than another, many are versatile. Other common applications include building driveways, railroads, and drainage systems.

Some types of construction stone, such as washed #57 rock, are not as readily available as other types, such as unwashed #57 rock, and may have to be imported in order to find a material that fits the contractor requirements. Rarer types  of material can get expensive because of the high demand or the associated transportation costs. That said, there are usually alternatives to each type of construction stone, though they may not be as durable or effective as their counterparts. Other challenges associated with using construction stone in commercial projects include sustainability and design limitations.

When choosing construction stones for commercial projects in Texas, several key factors come into play. Consider the desired color, texture, and durability, as they play a crucial role in the stone's appearance and long-term maintenance. Additionally, factors like erosion resistance and weather exposure should be assessed to ensure the stone meets the necessary durability requirements. For sustainability, explore options like locally sourced or recycled stone. Finally, remember that professional testing is essential to meet state specifications and ensure material quality for commercial buildings.


The appropriate size of rip rap for your erosion control project depends on the velocity of the water and the desired level of protection. Generally, larger rip rap is used for higher velocities, while smaller rip rap is suitable for lower velocities.

When installing rip rap, it is recommended to place a geotextile fabric as a base layer to prevent soil erosion and promote proper drainage. The rip rap should be carefully placed, ensuring interlocking and sufficient coverage to provide effective erosion control.

Yes, rip rap can be used for shoreline stabilization in bodies of water. It helps absorb wave energy, protect against erosion, and maintain the integrity of the shoreline.

Rip rap can be used in combination with other materials such as geotextiles or concrete for specific construction projects, providing enhanced stability and erosion control.

Before the delivery and installation of rip rap, the site should be properly prepared by removing vegetation, debris, and loose soil. The grade should be graded and compacted to provide a stable foundation for the rip rap.

When handling and installing rip rap, it is important to follow proper safety precautions. This includes using personal protective equipment, ensuring proper lifting techniques, and avoiding unstable or dangerous areas.

While rip rap itself is not typically recycled or reused, it can be removed and repurposed in other projects if the material is in good condition and suitable for reuse.

When using rip rap in environmentally sensitive areas, considerations should be given to minimize disturbance, preserve natural habitats, and adhere to any regulatory requirements related to environmental protection.

The cost of rip rap can vary depending on factors such as the type, size, and quantity needed, as well as the distance of the project site from the source. It is advisable to obtain quotes from different suppliers to compare costs.

Yes, PUG Base can be used in areas with heavy traffic or high load-bearing requirements. It is known for its excellent compressive strength, making it suitable for applications that require strong support, such as roads, parking lots, and industrial areas.


To determine the quantity of fill dirt needed for your project, measure the length, width, and desired depth of the area to be filled. Multiply these measurements together to calculate the volume of fill dirt required. It is advisable to add a contingency factor to account for compaction and settling.

Yes, fill dirt can be used for both residential and commercial applications. It is commonly used for foundation backfill, landscaping projects, site grading, and other construction purposes in various settings.

The recommended depth for placing fill dirt depends on the specific application and desired outcome. In general, it is important to consider factors such as the load-bearing requirements, compaction capabilities, and the intended use of the filled area to determine the appropriate depth.

Fill dirt can be used for grading or leveling uneven surfaces. By adding and compacting the fill dirt in layers, it helps create a more even and stable surface for further construction or landscaping activities.

When using fill dirt in areas prone to heavy rainfall or flooding, proper drainage considerations should be made. This may include ensuring proper slope and contouring, installing drainage systems, or using specific fill materials that promote water infiltration and drainage.

Common and Select Fill are technically the same material, but at varying levels of clay. Fill is tested by measuring the % of sand vs clay mixed into the material. Common fill refers to material that is not tested or does not pass testing. This material will either have too much clay or too much sand to be used for structural projects. Select fill refers to material that meets regulation regarding the mix of clay and sand. This material is higher quality and is suitable for foundations and other structural projects. 

Using fill dirt can have environmental benefits, such as reducing the need for disposal of excess soil and minimizing the extraction of natural resources. Proper sourcing and handling of fill dirt can also promote land reclamation and conservation efforts.

Sourcing fill dirt from a local supplier in Texas offers advantages such as reduced transportation costs, shorter lead times, and the ability to select materials that are well-suited to the local soil conditions and requirements.

Fill dirt can be used for creating embankments or building up slopes. By layering and compacting the fill dirt, it helps reinforce the slope of embankment and provides stability against erosion or slope failure.

Recommended techniques for spreading and leveling fill dirt include using grading equipment, such as bulldozers or skid steers, to evenly distribute the material and achieve the desired slope or contour. Proper compaction techniques should also be employed to ensure stability.


Limestone provides several important advantages. Firstly, it's easily accessible, so getting the limestone you need shouldn't be a problem. Moreover, limestone is reasonably durable. While it might not be the absolute toughest material out there, it still possesses fairly strong properties.

Limestone is hardly ever reused or repurposed. It's used in specific ways for business purposes, and it's simpler to achieve those goals with new limestone. Also, the expenses of extracting, moving, recycling, and bringing back limestone are much higher than using new material.

Limestone has some limitations and potential downsides:

  • Limestone is a dusty material. While great for driveways, it will always have some level of dust present. Washed products are available in some locations, and can be imported anywhere, but often are more expensive than unwashed as a result of availability. 
  • Prone to weathering due to age and use. Regular maintenance is required to preserve longevity and appearance. 
  • Professional set up is required for limestone to perform its best. Limestone is flexible and can produce passable results to results passing state specs. 
  • Less variety offered when it comes to appearance, for the most part limestone will look the same unless it is mixed with other materials.

In regions prone to severe weather conditions, limestone may not be the most ideal selection. Although limestone is typically resilient, it can be vulnerable to weathering and erosion when subjected to harsh environmental elements. Factors like extreme temperature fluctuations, heavy rainfall, and freeze-thaw cycles can expedite its degradation. In such areas, it might be more advisable to consider alternative construction materials, such as Limestone Rip Rap, Bull Rock, and screed rock which offer enhanced resistance to weathering and can better withstand the challenging conditions.

Absolutely! Limestone is versatile and can be used in both commercial and residential projects. It offers a wide range of applications, including farm roads, driveways, road foundations, shop foundations, building foundations, drainage, and erosion control. Additionally, precut limestone blocks can be used in landscaping designs needing a barrier or in landscape terraforming.

Limestone offers several ecological advantages:

  • Limestone has a long lifespan with regular maintenance, resulting in reduced material waste over time.
  • Due to the availability of limestone, construction projects can be situated closer to where the rocks are sourced. This cuts down on the pollution from transporting materials, especially when compared to other materials of similar performance.


#57 Rock undergoes screening to create 0.75" to 1.00" diameter rocks. For commercial use, it's usually sold washed. Screening and washing make it pricier than other options like gravel or pebbles. Often, 57 Rock is imported due to commercial demand as it is not always available locally.

No, there are no ecological advantages linked when using 57 Rock. It is usually chosen based on its physical and structural properties rather than its environmental benefits.

When considering ordering #57 Rock, there are key points to keep in mind:

  • Is washing of the material required?
  • Should the material be crushed limestone, or is river rock a suitable replacement?

Asking these questions will assist our sales team in recommending the ideal material for your project. We frequently have alternative options that align with project requirements, leading to time and cost savings.

Yes, 57 Rock is generally suitable for areas with harsh weather conditions. Its durability and ability to withstand extreme weather, such as freezing temperatures and heavy rainfall, make it a preferred choice. However, proper installation and maintenance are still crucial to ensure optimal performance in such conditions.

Yes, 57 Rock can have applications beyond construction and landscaping. It can be used as a base material for roads, driveways, and parking areas. Additionally, it can be utilized for erosion control, drainage systems, and the manufacturing of concrete or asphalt. Its versatility makes it 

suitable for various industrial and infrastructure purposes.

Using 57 Rock offers several benefits over other construction or landscaping materials. It provides excellent drainage, stability, and load-bearing capacity. It is durable, long-lasting, and resistant to weathering.


The advantages of using Recycled Concrete over other building materials include:

  • Environmental benefits: Recycling concrete reduces the need for new aggregateproduction and prevents the old material from ending up in landfills, thus conserving resources and reducing waste.
  • Cost-effective: Using recycled concrete can be more economical compared to using new aggregate, as it eliminates the need for raw materials extraction and reduces disposal costs.
  • Versatility: Recycled concrete can be used in various construction projects, including highway expansion, parking lots, driveways, and more, making it a versatile material.
  • Durability: Recycled concrete can provide a strong and durable base for structures and withstand heavy loads, making it suitable for applications such as roadways and parking areas.

While using Recycled Concrete offers several advantages, there are potential limitations and downsides to consider. One such limitation is the variability in quality. Recycled concrete may exhibit inconsistent strength and performance due to variations in the source material. The availability of recycled concrete can also be limited, depending on the location and the availability of suitable sources for recycling.

Yes, Recycled Concrete can be used for various applications beyond buildings and roadways. It is often utilized in projects such as landscaping, retaining walls, erosion control, and as a base material for pavements in parking lots, sidewalks, and bike paths. Its versatility makes it suitable for diverse construction and infrastructure needs.

Utilizing Recycled Concrete offers notable environmental advantages. Through the process of recycling old concrete, the demand for new aggregate production is reduced, leading to the conservation of natural resources and energy. Furthermore, it significantly diminishes the volume of concrete waste being disposed of in landfills, thus alleviating the environmental impact. Moreover, it plays a crucial role in reducing carbon emissions associated with concrete production, thereby contributing to sustainability endeavors. It is important to note that by using these methods, we’re actively taking steps to decrease the carbon footprint that comes along with concrete production.


Advantages of using River Rock over other landscaping materials include:

  • Aesthetically pleasing: River rock comes in various colors and textures, making it visually appealing for landscaping and outdoor decoration.
  • Excellent drainage: River rock has superior drainage properties, making it ideal for gardens and areas with moisture exposure.
  • Versatile use: River rock can be used for outdoor staircases, patios, border walls, walkways, gardens, and filling holes.
  • Quarry direct trucking: Twisted Nail offers convenient delivery options for river rock materials, ensuring they arrive when and where needed.

River Rock provides excellent drainage, which can help prevent water pooling and soil erosion. Additionally, using river rock as a decorative material reduces the need for water-intensive lawns, promoting water conservation.

  • Limited availability, only located near rivers 
  • Larger river rocks may be less common and more expensive
  • May need to be imported if supply is low, increasing the cost
  • Does not offer much insulation value compared to other materials
  • Can become hot under direct sunlight, potentially affecting plants and surrounding areas

River rock can be suitable for areas with extreme weather conditions, but it may have some limitations. While it is resistant to weathering and erosion, extreme cold or freezing temperatures can cause the rock to crack. Additionally, in hot climates, river rock can absorb and radiate heat, potentially affecting nearby plants or areas. It's important to consider local weather conditions and potential impacts before using river rock in areas prone to extreme weather.

Yes, river rock can be used for applications other than landscaping. It is commonly used in the production of concrete and has industrial uses. It can also be utilized for outdoor staircases, border walls, filling holes, and as a decorative element in various outdoor settings, such as patios and walkways.

River rock may not be the most suitable option for areas with heavy foot traffic or high usage conditions. Its smooth and round shape can make it challenging to walk on, potentially causing instability and discomfort. In such areas, materials that offer better stability and durability, like pavers or concrete, may be more appropriate.

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